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'''John Philip Sousa''' (; ; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romanticism|Romantic era, known primarily for American march music|American military and patriotic marches. Because of his mastery of march composition, he is known as "The March King", or the "American March King" due to his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford also being known by the former nickname. Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis (march)|Semper Fidelis" (Official March of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell (march)|The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer" and "The Washington Post (march)|The Washington Post". Sousa's father was of Portuguese people|Portuguese and Spanish people|Spanish descent, his mother of Grand Duchy of Hesse|Hessian ancestry.Bierley 2001, p...
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